The Joint Constitutional Review Committee has officially adopted plans to amend Section 25 of the Constitution to allow for land expropriation without compensation.
The wheels on the #ExpropriationWithoutCompensation bus have been set rolling.
It's been nine, long months since the policy first got the green light to be explored.
What will happen now going into 2019?
For the most part of 2018, politicians attending public hearings on the issue. Here, they listened to what the people want.
It's no secret that the hearings were filled by arguments, disagreements and threats, but in the end, this policy could go one of two way: either it does what it intends doing by destroying inequality; or it will leave SA on a knife-edge.
What is the good, bad and ugly of land reform?
The good: Cyril Ramaphosa and his party vowed land reform will bring more access to land to a larger range of South Africans.
In his opinion, Ramaphosa said this will create employment opportunities, alleviate poverty and undo historical injustice.
The bad: On the other side of the coin, there are those who are concerned about land reform. They have raised fears about the erosion of property rights and an economic crisis.
In truth, South Africa needs to find a common ground between reckless policy implementation and labeling the country as a second Zimbabwe.
What happens next?
The land ruling is a bold new decision.
Many are asking: will the constitution, in future, be changed for other reasons?
The ANC, EFF and NFP were in favour of the report. The DA and Cope voted against it. Ultimately, the report was approved by 12 to 4 votes.
Now, Parliament has to explain how the amendment will be drafted. A special committee will decide on the wording, phrases and terms. It's expected there will be more public hearings to debate these too.
When will Parliament discuss this?
While the ANC can show voters land reform is happening, Vincent Smith, the party's representative, said it won't happen until after the general elections next year.
Also, Parliament closes in December and will only reopen in February next year.
It's likely the next step won't happen until Parliament reopens in 2019.
How did political parties react to the news?
While the ANC is ecstatic about the news, the EFF declared victory. Julius Malema was the one who proposed the amendment of the constitution after all.
However, the EFF still demands that land reform must begin before the elections. This may be the biggest thorn in the ANC's side.
Shadow Rural Affairs Minister, Thandeka Mbabama, labelled the decision as a 'complete farce'. During a joint press conference, which featured the FF+ and the ACDP, Mbabama lambasted the convenient coalition of the ANC and EFF for undermining the public process.
Mbabama said Ramaphosa pre-empted the outcome while the public process was still underway when he announced land reform will happen, no matter the outcome of the hearings.
Mbabama said those who were yet to be heard by yhe committee were silenced due to this announcement:
"From the outset, the ANC has sought to undermine the work and processes of the Committee in an attempt to expedite their electioneering tactics.”
What land will be expropriated first?
Mzwandile Masina, the Ekurhuleni Mayor, already identified four vacant plots of land that will be handed to landowners.
According to Masina, these owners relinquished their property rights to make it happen.
Meanwhile, The South African report it's not clear what will happen to Akkerland Boerdery in Limpopo, which was given notcie in April. The Land Claims Court stopped the eviction of the game farm.
Briefly.co.za learned that negotiations for Akkerland began at least five years ago already. At the time, it was reported the owners were open to the idea of selling their farm.
What does the future hold?
There's expected to be a lot of debate, compromise and negotiation in the months to come.
Questions will be raised about what land should be expropriated, and how much should be given up.
One thing is sure, land reform may already be under the radar of other countries.
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