- The ANC rallied communitiesagainst the act
- The ANC was banned at the time and had to be secretive
- The act intended to further white government's protection of white cities and creation of black townships
Determined to fight back against the tyranny of the apartheid government’s policies, the African National Congress began their struggle against the Bantu Urban Councils act by rallying the community.
Although the ANC was banned at the time, two of the party’s leaders, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe, went door-to-door in Orlando. Sisulu and Nokwe took a big risk and inconspicuously carried out their campaign, Briefly.co.za learned.
After the increasing urbanisation of black communities began to worry the white government who were desperate to protect their colony, measures were put in place to ensure the control of black populations.
The Bantu Urban Council was one such measure. The policy would ensure that the urbanised black populations would remain uner the control of the homeland leaders and in turn the apartheid government.
Colonial government hoped that the problem of increased urbanisation would ultimately reverse with such policies in place. They believed that by developing larger but sub-standard townships for black urban groups, they black people would remain out of the white cities.
Black South Africans were opposed to the act beccause it aimed to implement black councils in the cities which would allow the election of an African chairmen but would be associated to homeland authorities.
The homeland system was a means of dividing African people and their struggle against the colonial authority.
In order to control the movement of populations, the colonial government gave their ‘local authorities’ the right to create particualr areas for black communities. Black people were, owever, not allowed to own the land they lived on.
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