Explainer: How has South Africa changed since democracy after 1994?

Explainer: How has South Africa changed since democracy after 1994?

- While South Africa has made many strides since 1994, the country still faces some challenges

- Joblessness remains remains a chronic issue

- Similarly, while the murder rate has dropped drastically, it is still among the world's highest

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Major improvements have been made to the lives of many South Africans since the country's first democratic elections in 1994. 

However, several socioeconomic issues persist.

High rates of poverty and inequality remain a problem.

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Although South Africa is the most industrialised economy on the continent, it is plagued by highest rates of unemployment. 

Although the the rate of black unemployment has fallen slightly in the last 25 years, roughly 5 million black South African are still without work, according to the BBC.

Additionally, economic growth has been so slow over the years that the average South African is actually poorer now than 25 years ago. This is mitigated to some degree, however, by the provision of free services such as free water, sanitation, electricity and primary healthcare for poor households. 

The provision of these services by the state has increased under the ANC, Briefly.co.za has gathered.

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Crime also remains a serious issue in South Africa. The country has one of the highest murder rates in the world, at 35.8 murders per 100 000 people. 

Nevertheless, the current murder rate is still half what it was in 1994.

Many citizens still report being more concerned about crime, as news reporting of crime (particularly violent crime) has increased substantially in the last two decades.

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Source: Briefly.co.za

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