On this day in 1959, Chief Albert Luthuli, President General of the African National Congress, had his ban further renewed for a period of five years. Luthuli was first banned in 1952 for two years after he led the Defiance Campaign, which was a non-violent protest against the pass laws.
The ban confined him to a 24km radius of his home and was renewed in 1954 when he was confined to the lower Tugela area. Despite all of the banning orders, Luthuli decisively continued with his political activities. The ban was temporarily lifted while he testified at the continuing treason trials. It was lifted again in March 1960, to permit his arrest for publicly burning his pass following the Sharpeville massacre.
He was arrested, found guilty, fined, given a suspended jail sentence and finally returned to his home in Groutville.
One final time the ban was lifted, this time for 10 days in early December 1961, to permit Luthuli and his wife to attend the Nobel Peace Prize ceremonies in Oslo, an award described by Die Transvaler as "an inexplicable pathological phenomenon".
Luthuli was awarded the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the non-violent struggle against apartheid. He was the first person of African heritage to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He was also a preacher of the United Congregational Church of Southern Africa (UCCSA) based at its Groutville Congregational Church in Stanger, KwaZulu-Natal, where he was laid to rest in 1967.
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