- On this day in 1952 Albert Luthuli was elected ANC president
- His term was met with heavy resistance from the Apartheid government as he was arrested shortly after
- He will be remembered for his many contributions towards the struggle for liberation
On this day in 1952, Albert Luthuli was elected the president-general of the ANC. Following his election, Luthuli's movements were restricted by the apartheid government in the form of banning orders.
The African National Congress (ANC) was founded as the SANCC in 1912. John Dube was its first president and Sol Plaatje was one of its founding members. The party was formed to protest against the treatment of black people in the country. The organisation grew immensely and by the 1940s, a Women's League and a Youth League had been formed.
After Luthuli was elected, he was arrested shortly afterwards in 1965 and charged with treason. The charge was then dropped but he still faced a ban for five years.
In 1961, Luthuli was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He continued in his political work, but it's believed that he distanced himself from the ANC after the establishment of the military wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK). He believed in a more passive approach to activism.
Luthuli's legacy is his enormous contribution to the liberation struggle in South Africa. He has been lauded as one of the greatest men in South African history and this is reflected in the 'Order of Luthuli', the highest award for contributions to democracy, human rights, justice and peace.
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