As President Donald Trump becomes the third president to be impeached in US history (after those of Bill Clinton and André Jackson), we bring you the top 10 things to know about this impeachment.
1. Allegations against Trump
Trump is charged with obstruction of Congress and abuse of power related to his dealings with the Ukraine.
The first article charges that the president used his public office to coerce a foreign government into attacking his political rival.
Specifically, Trump is accused of pressuring Ukraine to open an investigation into the president's political rival and former vice president, Joe Biden.
Biden is a frontrunner in the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination race.
The second article charges that the president took extreme and unprecedented steps to obstruct US lawmaker's investigation into his conduct.
2. The party that led the impeachment of Trump
The Democratic Party led the House of Representatives under Speaker Nancy Pelosi to carry out the impeachment.
Speaking on the impeachment, Pelosi said Trump gave Democrats no choice but to pursue impeachment.
She described Trump as an ongoing threat to America's national security and the integrity of the U.S elections.
3. Which party controls the U.S House of Representatives?
The Democrats are in control of the House of Representatives
4. Which party controls the U.S Senate?
The Republicans are in control of the Senate
5. Political party breakdown of members in the U.S House of Representatives
Democrats - 233
Republicans - 197
Independents - 1
Vacancies - 4
6. Political party breakdown of members in the U.S Senate
Democrats - 45
Republicans - 53
Independents - 2
7. How US impeachment works - the Trump scenario
In impeachment proceedings, the House of Representatives charges Trump by approving articles of impeachment, through a majority vote.
After this, there will be a trial at the Senate.
Senators will act as the jury during the trial, which will be headed by the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court.
If the Senate convicts Trump on any of the two charges against him, he will be removed from office.
8. If the Senate acquits Trump now that the House of Reps has impeached him, what does that mean?
If acquitted in the Senate, Trump remains in office, just as former president Bill Clinton did over 20 years ago, to serve out the remainder of his tenure.
In Trump's case, he is also free to re-contest the presidency in 2020 if he survives the Senate trial.
However, no matter what happens at the Senate, Donald Trump has entered the history books as one of the impeached presidents of the United States of America. He has Bill Clinton (1998) and Andrew Johnson (1868) for company.
9. How many votes does it take to remove Trump from office?
A two-third majority in the Senate is required to convict and oust Trump. This means 67 out of 100 senators.
10. Will Trump be eventually removed from office?
Not likely. Why? This is because the Republicans control the 100-seat chamber with a 53-47 majority.
So, the president is widely expected to be acquitted.
Enjoyed reading our story? Download BRIEFLY's news app on Google Play now and stay up-to-date with major South African news!