With only a few hours left before the Lunar New Year celebration in China, the country has been struck by an epidemic that has left most of the people in fear. This new disease is feared to be another episode of history repeating itself as the country had a traumatic experience in 2002 after the SARS virus attacked Guangdong at nearly the same period of the year. This new episode of the coronavirus is causing panic, not only for the country but for the rest of the world.
The statistics that have been reported for the past hours regarding the coronavirus have been saddening. The number of deaths and infected people has caused an alarm and prompted people in the rest of the world to brace themselves. The most devastating part about the matter is that not enough information is available to combat the situation. As of now, countries have been advised to be wary of their borders and prepare to respond to the outbreak if they fall victim. How about unpacking details about this nightmare?
What is the coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that are pneumonia-related. They are associated with symptoms such as fever, runny nose, cold and sore throat. In cases where the viruses are mild, they cause a common cold. In extreme conditions, they cause pneumonia.
Out of the seven coronaviruses, four are the most common. The uncommon ones are:
- 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
SARS coronavirus is associated with the outbreak that happened in China in 2002, leaving more than 770 people dead and infecting more than 8000 people. MERS is associated with the outbreak that happened in the Middle East in 2012. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is linked to the attack in the city of Wuhan in China.
China has come out to own the speculations about the ongoing outbreak. The country has given reports about the severity of the situation. It has also devised methods to try and combat the spread of the virus and reduce the number of casualties. As of date, 26 people have been reported dead and 830 others infected.
As part of the measures to reduce the spread of the outbreak, the government has put a restriction on ten cities, which are near the epicenter. According to statics, 20.5 million people reside in those restricted cities.
The government has also suspended public transport in the cities as there are fears that it would increase the rate of transmission of the virus. This is because of the expected increase in the number of people travelling for the Lunar New Year.
How did the coronavirus start in China?
According to speculations, it is insinuated that the virus could have originated from the seafood market at Wuhan due to the illegal trade of wild animals. According to a viral journal, the virus is thought to have originated from snakes.
What countries have coronavirus?
There are fears that the height of this matter could escalate. As a result, other countries are doing the most in ensuring that this problem does not end up becoming a global pandemic. This is so because cases of infection have been reported in other countries like USA, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Vietnam, South Korea, Singapore and Thailand.
How is coronavirus transmitted?
According to the centre for disease control and prevention, the main mode of transmission is from an animal to a human being. The virus can, after that, be transmitted from one infected human being to another through any of these modes:
- Through the air. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, they release viral particles into the air. When someone inhales these particles, they get infected with the virus.
- Through touching objects which have been exposed to the virus and then touching your mouth or nose without cleaning your hands.
- Through contact with an infected person; this includes shaking hands and touching.
According to the centre of disease control and prevention, infected people manifest the following symptoms:
- Sore throat
- Difficulty in breathing
As of date, there is no cure for the infection.
According to the CDC, this infection has no cure. The body's immunity fights the virus on its own. Patients are advised to rest and seek medication for the symptoms. Individuals who are in doubt about contracting the virus are advised to seek the attention of medical practitioners for screening.
The World Health Organisation response to the outbreak
On 23rd January 2020, the World Health Organisation responded on the issue, stating that it is too early to declare the Coronavirus outbreak a global emergency. It has, however, been declared an emergency in China.
What is the coronavirus in humans?
This is a group of viruses that are responsible for causing infections in the throat, nose, and sinuses.
How is coronavirus transmitted?
The infection can be transmitted from animals to humans. Transmission between human beings occurs through direct contact with an infected person or an object that has been exposed to the virus.
Does coronavirus cause death?
According to the World Health Organisation, the infection can become severe and lead to severe acute respiratory syndrome, pneumonia, and even kidney failure, which may cause death.
What are the signs and symptoms of coronavirus?
The signs and symptoms that one should watch out for include: shortness of breath, fever, cough and breathing difficulties.
The government of China is doing the most in trying to control the spread of the Coronavirus. It has brought in the team that helped tackle SARS with the hope that the situation will be combated.
Disclaimer: All the information contained in this article is not implied or intended to be a substitute for any professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content including text, images, graphics, and information contained on or available through this page is for general information purposes only.