-According to Worldometer, there are now just over three million coronavirus cases across the world as of Tuesday morning
- The World Health Organization has released information about the virus to dispel persistent myths
- On Tuesday, the US recorded it's one millionth positive case in that country alone
According to official records, over 200k people have died from the coronavirus while over 900k have recovered.
As Covid-19 continues to spread, Briefly.co.za highlights some basic facts everyone should know about the infectious disease.
The key facts are provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure people are more informed about the disease.
1. Common symptoms
The most common symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, dry cough and tiredness.
However, some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, sore throat or diarrhoea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but only have very mild symptoms.
2. Recovery rate
Most people (about 80%) recover from Covid-19 without needing hospital treatment.
Around one out of every five people who contract Covid-19 become seriously ill and develop difficulty breathing.
People who experience fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
3. Anyone can get infected
Anyone (children, adults, older people) can catch Covid-19 and become seriously ill. Even people with very mild symptoms of Covid-19 can transmit the virus.
Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes or cancer, are at higher risk of developing serious symptoms.
4. How Covid-19 spreads
People can catch Covid-19 from others who have the virus. The disease spreads primarily from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled when a person with Covid-19 coughs, sneezes or speaks.
These droplets are relatively heavy, do not travel far and quickly sink to the ground. People can catch Covid-19 if they breathe in these droplets from a person infected with the virus.
5. How to avoid getting infected
Physical distancing, that is, staying at least one metre away from others, is one of the preventive measures.
Washing your hands regularly with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand rub is another preventive method. Also, avoid going to crowded places and avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
Also, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue. If a tissue is used, discard it immediately and wash your hands.
6. Antibiotics do not work in preventing or treating Covid-19
Antibiotics do not work against viruses; they only work on bacterial infections. Covid-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of Covid-19.
7. No vaccine, drug or treatment for Covid-19 yet
To date, there is no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicines against Covid-19.
However, people, particularly those with serious illness, may need to be hospitalised so that they can receive life-saving treatment for complications. Most patients recover thanks to such care.
Possible vaccines and some specific drug treatments are currently under investigation. They are being tested through clinical trials around the globe.
Enjoyed reading our story? Download BRIEFLY's news app on Google Play now and stay up-to-date with major South African news!