Ibrahim Boubacar Keita is the controversial leader of Mali, who has been the President since 2013 and was recently elected into office to serve a second term in 2018. Despite being re-elected, his term has seen several problems, and the military recently ousted him. Read more about him here.
Protests have gripped Mali, and the death of the protestors has caused an outrage. Also, the poor economy has angered many Malians. The people took matters into their hands and ousted the President. Here are all the facts about Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita biography
- Born: 29th January 1945
- Ibrahim Boubacar Keita age: 75 years
- Place of birth: Koutiala, French Sudan (now Mali)
- Political parties: Alliance for Democracy in Mali (1990–2001), Rally for Mali (2001–present)
- Spouse: Keïta Aminata Maiga
- Children: 4
- Alma mater: University of Dakar, Pantheon-Sorbonne University
Early life and education
He was born in Koutiala, in Mali, formerly known as French Sudan. He studied in Paris at the Lycée Janson-de-Sailly and Bamako at Lycée Askia-Mohamed. He then studied at the University of Dakar, the University of Paris I, and the Institut d'Histoire des Relations Internationales Contemporaines. He completed his education with a Master's degree in History.
He became a researcher at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), the largest fundamental science agency in Europe. He also taught several courses on third world politics at the Pantheon-Sorbonne University in Paris.
He went back to his home country in 1986 to become a technical consultant for the European Development Fund. He also set up the first small scale development program for the EU's aid program in Mali.
Then, Ibrahim became the Mali director of the French chapter of Terre des Hommes, an international NGO that helps children in developing countries.
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The political career of president Ibrahim Boubacar began in the early '90s and spanned a long time. Follow the timeline of his career from then till when he has become the Commander-in-chief.
- 1991: The Alliance for Democracy in Mali (ADEMA) is founded, and Ibrahim becomes its secretary for African and International Relations.
- 1992: He is the deputy director of ADEMA presidential candidate Alpha Oumar Konaré, who wins the election. In June, he is appointed as a senior diplomatic adviser and spokesman. In November, he is appointed as the ambassador to Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Burkina Faso, and Niger.
- 1993: He is appointed as the Minister of External Affairs, Malians Abroad and African Integration.
- 1994: In February, he is appointed as the Prime Minister by President Konaré. In September, he is elected President of ADEMA.
- 1997: On 13th September, he resigns from the Prime Minister role, and he is thenswiftly reinstated by President Konaré on 16th September.
- 1999: He is elected President of ADEMA in October. He is named Vice President of the Socialist International in November.
- 2000: The tension in his party ADEMA made him resign from the Prime Minister role in February, and he eventually stepped down from the party leadership in October.
- 2001: He started his party, Rally for Mali (RPM) in June.
- 2002: Keita stood as a candidate in the presidential election and lost. In July, he was elected to a seat in the National Assembly from Commune IV in Bamako. In September, he was elected as the President of the National Assembly in October and as the President of the Executive Committee of African Parliamentary Union.
- 2007: Ran for re-election to the National Assembly, but the ADEMA president, Dioncounda Traoré, won.
- 2013: Ran for President for the second time in the July-August election. He defeated Soumaïla Cissé and was sworn in as President on 4th September.
- 2018: Ran for re-election and won.
- 2020: On 18th August, there was a successful coup attempt by soldiers, who arrested him. He dissolved his parliament and resigned the following day.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita military coup
Before the coup, Mali was gripped by months of protests by dissatisfied Malians. The anger was due to widespread corruption, economic mismanagement, and a dispute over legislative elections. The troops were discontent with their pay, the government's inability to deal with jihadists who have taken over the north of the country, and the killing of hundreds of citizens.
The BBC reported that the coup was assumed to be led by Col Malick Diaw, the deputy head of the Kati camp and another commander General Sadio Camara. They took over the Kati camp and marched about 15km to the capital on Tuesday afternoon.
They were cheered on by protestors outside the President's residence who were demanding his resignation. The President's son, the National Assembly speaker, the foreign and finance ministers were also assumed to be detained.
International reaction to the coup
The Economic Community of the West African States (ECOWAS has pledged to close all the borders with Mali, suspend all the financial flow into the country, and remove Mali from all the decision-making bodies.
The United Nations security council plans to meet on Wednesday to discuss the recent developments in the country. The international community as a whole condemns the unconstitutional transfer of power.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita family
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita wife is Keïta Aminata Maiga. Together, they have four children. The only child of the two who is in the limelight is Ibrahim Boubacar Keita son, Karim. The other children keep a relatively low profile.
Karim Keita is a member of the National Assembly. He is married to the daughter of a prominent politician in Mali, Issaka Sidibé. His father in law was the President of the National Assembly from 2014 to May 2020.
Amid the protests in July, Karim Keita was forced to resign from the Parliament Defense Committee. The Malian protesters called for him to step down from the chairman of the committee and for the dissolution of Mali's Constitutional Court.
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita net worth
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita salaire every year is 68,900 USD, which is approximately 37,849,746 CFA Francs. Ibrahim Boubacar faced a lot of scrutinies when he purchased a presidential private jet for 40 million dollars, yet his country was in a sorry state of affairs. This purchase almost destroyed the relationship between the Mali government and international aid donors.
Frequently Asked Questions
Following the coup, the direction of the country right now is unknown and uncertain. Mali protestors got what they wanted, but what does this mean for the country? Here are some frequently asked questions, answered.
Who is the President of Mali? Ibrahim Boubacar Keita is the last known president of Mali. He announced in a broadcast early Wednesday after his arrest that he will step down. He resigned to avoid "bloodshed".
Who has been sworn in as the new President of Mali? The last President sworn in was Ibrahim Boubacar. The military announced in a broadcast that they would organise general elections to equip Mali with strong institutions that are able to manage their lives better and restore confidence between the government and the governed.
What type of government does Mali have? Mali is a republic, whereby power is obtained through democracy. It is also a Unitary state, which means that the central government is the final say. They also have a semi-presidential system where the President governs with a prime minister and a cabinet.
Who is the prime minister of Mali? There have been several changes to the recent Prime Ministers, but the current one serving under Keita is Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga. It is assumed that he was arrested alongside the President. He was also part of those who would resign after the government was dissolved.
Is Mali a rich or a poor country? Mali was one of the richest countries in the world in the 14th century, with the wealth of its emperor, Mansa Musa, still unparalleled by current world billionaires. It has, however, fallen from grace and is currently one of the poorest countries in the world.
The president is available on social media. Catch him on the following sites:
- Ibrahim Boubacar Keita twitter: @IBK_PRIMALI
- Facebook page: @Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
- Ibrahim Boubacar Keita pronunciation: EE-brah-hihm BOO-bah-kahr KAY-tah
Do you think the plight of the Mali people was justified? Did the mutinying soldiers have to go for such extreme measures? Engage us in the comments section below.
Briefly.co.za recently gave a report on Sudan's former dictator Omar Al-Bashir. He was handed over by Sudanese authorities to the International Criminal Court to face accusations of war crimes in Darfur in 2003.
He was ousted from office in April 2019. The UN says that around 300,000 people were killed and 2.5 million were displaced in the war. He was also charged by Sudanese prosecutors over the alleged killing of protesters during the demonstrations that led to his ousting.