- On this day 29 years ago, former President Nelson Mandela, on behalf of the ANC, signed the National Peace Accord
- On 14 September, 1991, Nelson Mandela, joined by other political parties, including the NP, got together to sign the accord
- This allowed for negotiations which ultimately put an end to the apartheid era in South Africa
On this day, the 14th of September back in 1991, former President Nelson Mandela signed the National Peace Accord (NPA). This is a very important moment in history as it was an important step in starting negotiations to end apartheid.
The negotiations took place between then governing party - National Party - and current governing party - African National Congress (amongst other parties). These negotiations resulted in the establishment of a multi-party conflict resolution structure.
The signing of the NPA paved the way for the formation of CODESA (the Convention for a Democratic South Africa). In turn, this eventually resulted in the first democratic and non-racial elections in 1994.
According to nelsonmandela.org, the NPA aimed to bring about an end to violence in SA and to establish a multi-party democracy. It also aimed to bring about peace in terms of power-sharing of a multi-party democratic country. .
The NPA also called for the reconstruction and development of social and economic aspects to aid certain communities, especially those affected by political violence during the time. Web.archive.org said that the accord is of one that every "peace-loving person" can support it.
In other history news, Briefly.co.za previously reported on the day that Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu was ordained as Archbishop of Cape Town. Many years ago today, Mpilo Desmond Tutu was ordained to become the Archbishop of Cape Town.
Before this, Bishop Tutu - as we have now lovingly come to know him - served as the secretary-general of the South African Council of Churches. Bishop Tutu started as a teacher but left the profession when the Bantu Education Act of 1953 was implemented.
According to Tutu, the act was degrading. In 1960 he was ordained as a deacon and by 1961 a priest. He soon went on to become the first black man to be at the head of the Anglican Church.
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