The majority of people across the world fear snakes. But a question begs to be asked: are they that dangerous? The answer is that while most of them are harmless, there is a need to maintain distance. Bites from both venomous and non-venomous can be extremely painful. This article focuses on the most venomous snakes in the world, and it is always better to know what kind you are dealing with before you decide on your next move.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are over 3,000 species of snakes globally, and around 600 of them are venomous, where over 200 have medical uses. However, since you cannot differentiate between them by just looking at them, the best thing is to maintain distance whenever you encounter one. This article has the 10 top deadliest and most venomous snakes in the world that you should know!
Top 10 most venomous snakes in the world
The list below contains the deadliest snakes in the world. This list was prepared considering the number of deaths per year from each species, the length of fangs, the venom's toxicity, the typical defensive position, and the average venom yield in a bite.
1. Inland Taipan
The inland Taipan snake is generally regarded as the most dangerous snake in the world. Its paralyzing venom consists of taipoxin, a mix of myotoxins, procoagulants, and neurotoxins, which cause haemorrhaging in blood vessels and muscle tissues and inhibit breathing. It can yield as much as 110 mg in one bite, enough to kill around 100 people.
2. Coastal Taipan
It releases venom that is nearly similar to the inland taipan. Before its antivenom was found, most of the bites resulted in deaths. It is located in coastal regions of Northern and Eastern Australia and the nearby New Guinea Island. Once it spots a prey, it freezes and then throws itself forward, making several quick bites. It then releases the target and waits for the venom to take effect before taking its meal.
3. Saw-Scaled viper
Which snakes kill most humans? The viper, mostly found in the Middle East and India, does not contain much venom but is responsible for more human deaths annually than any other serpent. It is mainly found in populated areas, and a lack of readily accessible antivenom in rural areas adds to its lethality. Unlike other snakes, it moves sideways (sidewinding locomotion). It is also nocturnal and feeds on birds, mammals, lizards, amphibians, and scorpions.
Boomslang is rear-fanged and delivers its venom by chewing its victim until the victim dies. It has a highly potent venom that disables blood coagulation and leads to internal and external bleeding. It is a venomous snake native to sub-Saharan Africa, measuring up to 1.6 meters, and it has a unique look with big eyes in an egg-shaped head. It mostly bites humans when people try to catch it or kill it.
5. Black Mamba
Is the black mamba the most venomous snake in the world? No, Inland Taipan is also known as the fierce snake, and it is the most venomous snake globally. However, Black Mamba is considered the fastest snake in the world. The inside of this snake’s mouth is black, hence its name – Black Mamba. It is 2–2.5 metres long, with a maximum length of 4.3 metres. Their venom is extremely toxic, and just two drops are reportedly enough to kill most humans. The venom attacks both the nervous system and the heart, and most bites are fatal, making them a feared creature in their native region.s
6. Tiger snake
This is one of the most poisonous snakes since its venom contains a blood-clotting agent and a nerve paralyzer. It is mostly found in southern Australia and Tasmania. They vary in size depending on their preferred type of prey. It can grow to lengths of up to 1 to 1.5 metres. Although they usually avoid people, they are aggressive when startled and can attack if disturbed or threatened.
7. Banded Krait
Banded Krait is one of the highly venomous snakes found across the Indian subcontinental and Southeast Asia. It is easily identifiable by its bright yellow and black cross bands and the marked vertebral ridge. It is a shy, nocturnal snake that does not go out of its way to bite people, though when bites do happen, their venom can cause respiratory failure and potentially suffocation. The mortality rate for untreated bites is thought to be around 10%.
8. Mojave Rattlesnake
Also known as the slow killer, Mojave is considered to possess the most potent venom among all the rattlesnake species, making it one of the deadliest and most venomous snakes globally. Its bite often has delayed symptoms, leading to an underestimation of the severity. Within hours, bite victims will notice vision problems, difficulty speaking/swallowing, as well as muscle weakness. The venom causes difficulty in breathing and can lead to respiratory failure if left untreated.
9. Fain-banded sea snake
It is known as the Belchers sea snake and is found in the Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Thailand and the seas around northern Australia. A single bite from this snake can kill a person in less than 30 minutes. These snakes are relatively small and have a slender body with a yellow case and green cross bands. They can grow to lengths of up to 0.46 to 1 metre.
10. King Cobra
It is the world’s longest venomous snake, growing up to 5.5 meters in length. It delivers enough neurotoxins to kill an Asian elephant, as well as about 50 percent of the humans it bites. It is, however, very caring towards its offspring. King Cobra is the only snake that builds a nest for its eggs and guards them till they hatch. A female King Cobra is a very dedicated parent, an unusual trait among snakes.
Frequently Asked Questions
Below are the frequently asked questions about the most venomous snakes in the world. The answers given were thoroughly researched to provide credible information. Keep reading to learn more info here!
Can a human outrun a black mamba?
Black mamba, the second-longest venomous snake, moves at a speed of 12 miles per hour while an average person jogs at 8 miles an hour. So, the average person can not outrun this snake once it has locked you in its sight. However, as mentioned previously, although they have a reputation for being aggressive, as far as venomous snakes go, Black Mambas are generally shy and nervous. If they are disturbed or cornered, Black Mambas will attack with repeated bites, so it is best to avoid provoking them.
Which country has the most venomous snake?
Australia is infamous for its dangerous animals. With more deadly snakes than any other country worldwide, it is not surprising. It also has the highest number of the most venomous snakes in the world.
Which snake bite kills fastest?
The fastest snake in the world is also one of the deadliest. The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) can move at speeds of up to 12.5 miles per hour (5.5 meters per second). Its bite can kill a human being in less than 30 minutes.
Which country has no snakes in the world?
Ireland is unusual for its absence of native snakes. It is one of only a handful of places worldwide—including New Zealand, Iceland, Greenland, and Antarctica, where there are no snakes.
Above is a list of the 10 deadliest and most venomous snakes in the world. You do not have to worry much; all you need to do is keep your distance to avoid a bite. Also, when you come across one, do not disturb it as it might bite you. In case of a bite, seek medical help immediately or get someone to do it for you.
In other news, Briefly.co.za reported on December 22, 2020, about the snakes of South Africa. Most people are afraid of snakes and are right because a snake bite can be fatal. An interesting fact is that most species are harmless.
South Africa has a number of dangerous snake species, but people rarely die from their bites. These species have venom that is used for hunting and protection. Educating yourself about snakes is therefore crucial to help you release some of the fear.