According to the African Development Bank’s Annual Development Effectiveness Review 2013, Africa is considered to be the fastest-growing continent in the world. Infrastructure plays a significant role in the development of any nation and its overall economic growth. Governments of African countries with quality roads have much invested in them to contribute to sustainable development.
The quality of roads goes hand in hand with the development of different regions and locations. If the roads are not good, access to essential services such as medical care or transportation of agricultural produce would be significantly affected. It is, therefore, necessary to note that there cannot be fast growth without proper infrastructure and roads are key players.
African countries with the best road infrastructure
Despite African countries being plagued by poverty and corruption, some of the governments are making an effort to grow their nations’ economies. There are countries with poor road networks such as Chad and Mauritania, while there are others which are among the top fifty in the globally ranking of quality road networks. The following are the countries that made it into the top ten list according to the Global Economy analysis.
The first country on the list is Namibia with the average value points being 5.24. The country took position 22 in the global ranking with the 2019 latest value being 5.3 points. The establishment of the Roads Authority in April 2000 greatly attributed to the progress in Namibia in terms of road infrastructure. This inherently aided in its socio-economic development.
The average value points of Egypt from 2006 to 2019 was 3.47 points with the highest being 5.1 points in 2019 and the lowest in 2013 being 2.74. The latest value in 2019 gave it the 29th place in the global ranking position out of 141 countries.
Rwanda does not only boast of its clean environment, but it is also among the countries with the best roads in Africa. The latest 2019 value was 4.8 giving it the 39th global ranking position. The average value points from 2010 to 2019 were 4.76. The effort by the government and aids from China, the European Union, and others have contributed to the quality of roads and infrastructure seen in the country today.
Mauritius is an island country which is considered to be Africa's most democratic nation. The roads are also well maintained, which is an advantage for the country since it is a major tourist destination island. The average value points for the nation were 4.45 points, and the latest 2019 value was 4.7. It is among the top fifty in the global ranking position in 2019.
The rural infrastructure investments that have been made by the government have much enabled this nation to raise even its global position beating countries such as Belgium, Ireland, and Italy in the ranking. The average value points for the nation were 4.02, and its latest value in 2019 was 4.7 points.
6. South Africa
The N2 is the longest road in South Africa and covers a distance of 2,255 kilometres (1,401 miles). The route runs from Cape Town through Port Elizabeth, East London, and Durban to Ermelo. The nation ranks 51 globally out of 141 countries with 4.5. The average value points for the nation were 4.77 points.
Kenya has some of the best roads in East Africa and is the second East African country to make it to the list. The latest 2019 value of quality roads was 4.1 points. The average value taken from 2006 to 2019 was 3.67, with the lowest in 2006 being 2.22 points and the highest value in 2017 being 4.3.
Senegal took the 65th global ranking position with 4.10 points. The average value from 2007 to 2019 was 3.45 the highest being 4.10 in 2019 whereas its lowest in 2007 being 2.6 points.
Tanzania is another East African country that also made it to the top ten list. The average value of its roads was 3.18 points, while the highest was in 2019 with 4.1 and its lowest was 2.48 points in 2008. The global ranking position is 66 with 4.1.
Algeria is the last country on this list with an average value of 3.38 points from 2006 to 2019. The latest value of the road quality done in 2019 is 4.0 while in its global ranking it has 4.07. The position in the global ranking is 67 out of 141 countries.
Frequently asked questions
The issue of roads in Africa is very diverse. There would be a need for in-depth discussion to exhaust every query about the topic. Here are several questions and answers that will give you a better comprehension of the quality of roads in Africa.
Which African country has beautiful roads?
Namibia has an excellent road network with its 2019 value points being 5.3. Its highest value points were 5.83 in 2010. The total value average is 5.24 from 2006 to 2019.
Which country has the best road network in East Africa?
Rwanda ranks third in Africa having the best road networks. It is a small nation in terms of size, but it has fast economic growth potential. The government still continues to invest in the construction of better roads to give access to remote places in the nation.
There are more African countries with quality roads in comparison to the situation a decade ago. This has greatly aided in the steady development of the nations. Since Africa is among the fastest-growing continents in the world, there is still a lot to look out for in terms of development and infrastructure.
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