Zimbabwe avatar


  • Capital: Harare
  • Currency: United States dollar
  • President: Emmerson Mnangagwa
  • Official languages: Shona, English, Tshwa, Xhosa
  • Population: 15.99 million


Zimbabwe was formerly known as Rhodesia, named after Cecil Rhodes, a British colonialist who founded the territory in the late 19th century.

In 1980, Zimbabwe gained independence from Britain and became a republic.


Zimbabwe recently adopted the Education Amendment Act, 2020, to align its Education Act with the country’s constitution. The amendment seeks to protect, respect and fulfil the right to education for all children. It has fairly extensive provisions to address issues pertinent to education, including the prohibition of expelling pregnant girls from school, free and compulsory education, reproductive health issues and the rights of learners with disabilities.

The University of Zimbabwe is one of the country’s leading academic institutions and is internationally recognised as a leading research institution.

Law and government

Zimbabwe is a presidential republic with a multi-party system.

  • The President of Zimbabwe is both head of state and head of government.
  • The country’s legal system is based on English common law.
  • The judiciary consists of the Supreme Court, the High Court and subordinate courts.

Related articles

Online view pixel